Planning for transition to adulthood for the young person with SEND

When should we start planning for Transition to Adulthood for the young person with SEND?

Formally, this is from age 14 (Year 9) with an EHC plan.  This should be person-centred transition planning and cover family, friends and community, social care, health, education, employment, housing and independent living.  Good practice would be to start as young as possible and include all those on School Support who would benefit.  The NUT recognises that this may present logistical problems for schools.

There should be adequate resources, and additional time in schools to prepare for this phase of SEND transition.

High aspirations are crucial to success.  Discussions about longer term goals should start early, well before Year 9 (age 13-14) at school.  From Year 9, the EHC plan review must include preparing for adulthood. EHC plans should focus on the child or young person’s strengths and capabilities and the outcomes they want to achieve.

The number of young disabled people and those with SEND who are not in education, employment or training (NEET) is two and half times greater than for those without SEND.  This represents an enormous waste of human potential.

This clip gives an example of how the SEND reform can support young people in terms of their future outcomes.

Preparing for adulthood planning in the review of the EHC plan should include support for the young person to:

  • develop a shared vision of improving life chances with young people, families and all key partners;
  • raise aspirations for a fulfilling adult life by sharing clear information about what has already worked for others;
  • develop a personalised approach to all aspects of support using person centred practices, personal budgets and building strong communities;
  • develop post-16 options and support that lead to employment, independent living, good health, friends, relationships and community inclusion; and
  • develop outcome focused multi-agency commissioning strategies that are informed by the voice of young people and families.

A person-centred planning approach has been shown to be the most effective way to deliver on these aims, as outlined in the Preparing for Adulthood guide Delivering Support and Aspiration for Disabled Young People.